WYBC celebrates Black History EVERYDAY!
Facts from www.blackfacts.com
1955 – On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks refused to change seats on a Montgomery, Alabama, bus. On December 5, blacks began a boycott of the bus system, which continued until shortly after December 13, 1956, when the U.S. Supreme Court outlawed bus segregation in the city.
1940 – Richard Franklin Lennox Pryor III was born in Peoria, Illinois on this day.
1992 – Maya Angelou is asked to compose a poem for the inauguration of President Bill Clinton
1969 – M.V.B Brown designed a “Home Security System with Television Surveillance” for the homeowner to view the visitor on a television screen and the visitor also able to view a screen. The homeowner could open the door via a manual lock mechanism. Patent No. 3,482,037
1982 – Thomas Hearns did unify the world titles in the junior middleweight class by capturing the WBC over Wilfredo Benitez on this day.
1970 – The first Black Miss World was Jennifer Josephine Hosten who won the honor on this day.
1847 – Frederick Douglass, along with Martin R Delaney, started “The North Start”, an anti-slavery paper
1927 – Duke Ellington opened at the Cotton Club in Harlem. In 1923, Edward Kennedy “Duke” Ellington first began to make his mark in New York with his band The Washingtonians, which took its name from his home city.
1915 – The Great Migration began. Approximately two million Southern Blacks moved to Northern industrial centers in the following decades. Between the turn of the century and 1930, more than 1 million black southerners set out on one of America’s most important mass movements.
1906 – Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. was founded on the campus of Cornell University by seven college men who recognized the need for a strong bond of Brotherhood among African descendants in this country.
1957 – New York became the first city to legislate against racial or religious discrimination in housing market with adoption of Fair Housing Practices Law.
1955 – Historic bus boycott began in Montgomery. At a mass meeting at the Holt Street Baptist Church Martin Luther King Jr. was elected president of the boycott organization.
1997 – Lee Brown became Houston’s first black mayor narrowly defeating businessman Rob Mosbacher
1869 – National Black labor convention met in Washington.
1849 – Harriet Tubman escaped from slavery in Maryland, summer. She returned to the South nineteen times and brought out more than three hundred slaves.
1941 – Dorie Miller of Waco, Texas, messman on USS Arizona, manned machine gun during Pearl Harbor attacks and downed four planes. He was awarded the Navy Cross.
1931 – Comer Cottrell, founder and president of Pro-Line Corporation (1970), the largest African American owned business in the Southwest and the first African American to be part owner of a major league baseball team (1989) Born
1987 – On this day, Kurt Lidell Schmoke was inaugurated as the first Black mayor of Baltimore, Maryland.
1936 – NAACP filed first suit in campaign to equalize the salaries of Black and white teachers.
1925 – Entertainer, Sammy Davis Jr was born
1995 – Kweisi Mfume is unanimously elected President and CEO of the NAACP.
1971 – Bill Picket became the fist Black elected to the National Rodeo Cowboy Hall of Fame.
1961 – Tanzania proclaimed independent.
1925 – Entertainer, Red Foxx was born
1982 – Pamela McAllister Johnson became the first Black woman publisher of a mainstream paper, the Ithaca Journal.
1967 – Otis Redding’s career came to a tragic end when the twin engine plane carrying him to a concert date in Wisconsin crashed in Lake Monoma.
1965 – Sugar Ray Robinson permanently retired from boxing
1964 – Sam Cooke died on this day after demanding entrance into the room of the night manager at a dollar-a-night motel where he was staying. After a brief physical struggle, she fired 3 shots which mortally wounded Mr. Cooke.
1917 – Jazz migration began. Joe Oliver left New Orleans and settled in Chicago and was joined by other stars.
1995 – Willie Brown defeats incumbent mayor Frank Jordan to become 1st African American mayor of San Francisco
1963 – Kenya proclaimed independent.
1938 – U.S. Supreme Court rules in Missouri that a state must provide equal educational facilities for Blacks within its boundaries. Lloyd Gaines, the plaintiff in the case, disappeared after the decision and was never located.
1944 – Black women were sworn in for the first time to the Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Services (WAVES), a women’s naval reserves.
1926 – Carl Erskine is born. He will become a baseball player for the Brooklyn Dodgers
1980 – Elston Howard was a major League Baseball Player. Catcher for the New York Yankees during the 1950s and 1960s. Nine time All-Star. First Black player to play for the Yankees
1799 – George Washington, dies, his will stipulates that his slaves shall be freed upon the death of his wife, Martha
2001 – R&B singer Rufus Thomas known for songs such as “Do the Funky Chicken” and “Walking the Dog” died. He was 84.
1943 – San Francisco Sun-Reporter established.
1934 – Death of Maggis Lena Walker (69), first Black woman to head a bank, in Richmond
1976 – Andrew Young named Ambassador and Chief US Delegate to the United Nations
1973 – O.J. Simpson set an NFL record of 2003 rushing yards in one season.
1991 – Michael Jordan is named 1991 Sports Illustrated Sportsman of the Year
1937 – Art Neville is born. He will become a member of the popular singing group, “The Neville Brothers.”
1989 – Ernest Dickerson wins the New York Film Critics Circle Award for best cinematography for the Spike Lee movie, “Do the Right Thing”.
1865 – Thirteenth Amendment ratified.
1930 – Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, founded at Howard University in 1913, incorporated.
1910 – North Carolina College founded.
1891 – Charles Randolph Uncles became the first Black priest ordained in the United States on this day in Baltimore, Maryland
1986 – The first Black network anchor, Max Robinson, who joined ABC’s “World News Tonight” died on this day of complication from Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), in Washington, DC.
1983 – Julius Erving scores his 25,000th career point, becoming the ninth professional basketball player to achieve this mark.
1956 – On this day the African American community of Montgomery, Alabama voted unanimously to end its 385 day bus-boycott.
1988 – Jesse Jackson urges the use of the term “African-American”
1959 – Motown Records established by Berry Gordy Jr.
1941 – Actor Samuel Jackson was born on this day in Washington, DC.
1873 – Abolitionist Charles Lenox Remond died on this day. He was the first Black lecturer employed by the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society.
1919 – Alice H Parker patents the gas heating furnace
1867 – Madame C.J. Walker, born Sarah Breedlove on this day, starts a Black hair-care business in Denver, CO; she alters curling irons that were popularized by the French to suit the texture of Black women’s hair.
1815 – Henry Highland Garnet, minister, abolitionist and diplomat, born a slave in Kent County, Maryland.
1992 – The position of Secretary of Agriculture was awarded to Alphonso Michael “Mike” Espy, making him the first Black to hold this position.
1907 – Cab Calloway, bandleader and first jazz singer to sell a million records is born in Rochester,NY.
1837 – Mirror of Liberty, Pioneer Black magazine, published in New York City by abolitionist David Ruggles.
1966 – Kwanzaa originated by Dr.Maulana Karenga is started.
1956 – Birmingham Blacks began mass defiance of Jim Crow bus laws.
1849 – David Ruggles dies in Northampton, Mass. Often called the first African American bookseller for his bookstore established in 1834, Ruggles was an abolitionist, and a “conductor” on the Underground Railroad
1956 – Federal Judge Dozier Devane granted temporary injunction restraining city officials from interfering with integration of Tallahassee, Fla., city buses and said “every segregation act of every state or city is as dead as a doornail.”
1939 – John Amos, actor, made famous in “Good Times” television program, born.
1892 – Livingstone and Biddle College (now Johnson C. Smith) play the first African American intercollegiate football game
1977 – Karen Farmer becomes the first African American member of the Daughters of the American Revolution when she traces her ancestry back to William Hood, a solider in the Revolutionary War.
1954 – Actor Denzel Washington was born on this day in Mount Vernon, NY.
1917 – Thomas Bradley was born on this day in Calvert, Texas and went on to become mayor of Los Angeles by winning 56% of the vote.
1907 – Robert Weaver, born on this day, became the first Black appointed to a presidential cabinet when President Lyndon B. Johnson named him to head the newly created Department of Housing and Urban Development.
1960 – Two U.S. courts issued temporary injunctions to prevent eviction of about seven hundred Black sharecroppers in Haywood and Fayetter counties, Tennessee.
1928 – Blues composer and singer Bo Didley is born in Magnolia ,Missippi.
1984 – The first nationally broadcast telethon for the United Negro College fund is held and raises 14.1 million
1948 – Singer Donna Summer, known as “Queen of Disco,” is born on this day in Boston, Massachusetts.
1862 – Residents of Rochester, N.Y., joined Frederick Douglass in a vigil in anticipation of the Emancipation Proclamation, which went into effect at midnight.
Facts from www.blackfacts.com