This Day in Black History: October

This Day in Black History: October

WYBC celebrates Black History EVERYDAY!

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October 1:

1991 – Dr. Mary Schmidt Campbell, art historian, becomes dean of New York University’s

1977 – Soccer great Pele retires.

1966 – Black Panther party founded in Oakland (Calif.)

1960 – Nigeria proclaimed independent

1952 – Joe Black became the first black pitcher to win a World Series game. The Dodgers defeated the New York Yankees 4-2. Black was also the 1952 Rookie of the Year.

1951 – Twenty-fourth Infantry Regiment, last of all-Black units military units authorized by Congress in 1866, deactivated in Korea.

1948 – California Supreme Court voided state statue banning interracial marriages. Edward Dudley named ambassador to Liberia. Spingarn Medal Presented to Channing H. Tobias for his ‘consistent role as a defender of fundamental American liberties.


October 2:

1986 – The U.S. Senate overrides President Ronald Reagan’s veto of legislation imposing economic sanctions in South Africa.

1986 – On this date, President Ronald Reagan appointed Edward J. Perkins ambassador to South Africa.

1967 – Thurgood Marshall is sworn in, and becomes the first Black Supreme Court Justice


October 3:

1974 – Frank Robinson named manager of the Cleveland Indians and became the first Black manager in the major leagues.

1956 – Nat King Cole was the first black performer to host his own tv show.

1949 – First Black radiso station, WERD, begins operating in Atlanta, GA

1941 – Birthday of Singer Chubby Checker, born Ernest Evans, in Philadelphia. Checker was best known for “The Twist” a hit song that soon became a style of dance.


October 4:

1996 – Congress passes a bill authorizing the creation of 500,000 Black Revolutionary War Patriots Commemorative coins.

1988 – Bill and Camille Cosby make a $20 million gift to Spelman College.

1988 – The Martin L. King, Jr. Federal Building is dedicated in Atlanta, Ga. It is the first federal building in the nation to bear the name of the slain civil rights leader.

1969 – Howard N. Lee and Charles Evers are elected the first African American mayors of Chapel Hill, N.C.

1864 – National Black convention met in Syracuse, New York


October 5:

1932 – Congresswoman, Yvonne Burke, born

1872 – educator, Booker T Washington, leaves Malden, West VA to enter Hampton Institute

1869 – First Reconstruction legislature (27 Blacks, 150 whites) met in Richmond, Virginia.

1867 – Monroe Baker, a well-to-do Black businessman, named mayor of St. Martin, Louisiana. He was probably the first Black to serve as mayor of a town.


October 6:

1971 – John A. Wilkinson’s marriage to Lorraine Mary Turner was the first legalized interracial marriage in North Carolina. Wilkinson was black and Turner was white.

1895 – W.D. Davis patented an improved riding saddle.

1868 – Black state convention at Macon, Georgia, protested expulsion of Black politicians from Georgia legislature

1847 – National Black convention met in Troy, N.Y., with more than sixty delegates from nine states. Nathan Johnson of Massachusetts was elected president.


October 7:

1993 – Writer, Toni Morrison, awarded the Nobel Prize in literature

1988 – Jazz and ballad singer Billy Daniels dies in Los Angeles

1931 – Birthday of Archbishop Desmond Mpilo Tutu.

1897 – Elijah Poole, aka The Honorable Elijah Muhammad, born


October 8

1941 – Jesse Jackson was born in Greenville, SC.


October 9

1984 – W Wilson Goode becomes the 1st African American mayor of Philadelphia

1963 – Uganda becomes a republic within the British Commonwealth.


October 10

1961 – Otis M. Smith appointed to Michigan Supreme Court.

1901 – Frederick Douglass Patterson, veterinarian and founder of the United Negro College Fund, born


October 11

1991-  Comedian John Elroy Sanford, “Redd Foxx,” dies at age 68.

1939 – NAACP organizes the Education Fund and Legal Defense, 1939

1887 – Miles, A. Elevator Oct. 11, 1887 Patent No. 371,207


October 12:

1999 – Basketball legend, Wilt Chamberlain, died today at age 63

1932 – Richard (“Dick”) Gregory was born on this day.


October 13:

1926 – First Black naval aviator, Jesse Leroy Brown was born

1924 – Nightclub comedian and actor Nipsey Russell born in Buffalo, NY.

1901 – First Black delegate to United Nations, Edith Sampson, born


October 14:

1999 – Former Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere dies at the age of 77 from leukemia. Nyerere was lauded as one of the greatest statemen of his time.

1964 – On this day, Martin Luther King Jr became the youngest man ever to win the Nobel Peace Prize

1958 – The District of Columbia Bar Association votes to accept African Americans as members.


October 15:

1991 – Judge Clarence Thomas is confirmed as the 106th associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, its second African American.

1968 – Wyomia Tyus becomes the first person to win a gold medal in the 100 meter race in two consecutive Olympic games.


October 16:

1995 – The Nation of Islam organizes The Million Man March on Washington, 1995

1984 – Bishop Desmond Tutu, South Awarded Nobel Peace Prize, African activist, 1984

1973 – Maynard Jackson elected mayor of Atlanta.

1968 – John Carlos and Tommie Smith staged Black Power demonstration on victory stand after winning 200-meter event at Olympics in Mexico City. Carlos and Smith said they were protesting racism in America.

1901 – Booker T. Washington dined at the White House with President Roosevelt and was criticized in the South


October 17:

1969 – Dr. Clifton R. Wharton Jr. elected president of Michigan State University and became the first Black to head a major, predominantly white university in the twentieth century.

1888 – Capital Savings Bank of Washigton, D.C., the first Black bank, opened in Washington, D.C. The Savings Bank of the Order of True Reformers (Richmond, Va.) was chartered on March 2, 1888.

1787 – Boston Blacks, led by Prince Hall, petitioned legislature for equal school facilities.


October 18:

1968 – World long jump was beat by Bob Beamon, record at 29 ft, 2.5 in at the Mexico City Olympics

1926 – Rock and roll innovator Charles “Chuck” Edward Berry born in San Jose, California, and later taken to St. Louis Missouri, where he grew up. Berry regarded as one of the founders of Rock and Roll and is responsible for such hits as “Johnny B. Good” and “Roll Over Beethoven.”

1951 – Novelist, editor, and educator Terry McMillan was born on this day. Ms. McMillan will reach acclaim for her books “Mama”, “Disappearing Acts,” “Waiting to Exhale”, and “How Stella Got Her Groove Back”, the later two books being made into screenplays.


October 19

1960 – John F. Kennedy, Democratic presidential candidate, called Mrs. Martin Luther King Jr. and expressed his concern about the imprisonment of Dr. King.

1944 – US Navy accepted black women

1870 – First Blacks elected to the House of Representatives. Black Republicans won three of the four congressional seats in South Carolina: Joseph H. Rainey, Robert C. Delarge and Robert B. Elliott. Rainey was elected to an unexpired term in the Forty-first Congress and was the first Black seated in the House.


October 20

1942 – Sixty leading Southern Blacks issued “Durham Manifesto” calling for fundamental changes in race relations after a Durham, North Carolina, meeting.

1898 – John Merrick starts the North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company, 1898


October 21

1994 – Charles Edward Anderson the first African American to earn a Ph.D. in Meteorology; died.

1980 – Valerie Thomas invented the illusion transmitter

1950 – The first NBA Black Assistant Coach and first Black chief scout, Earl Lloyd, becomes the first Black person to play in an NBA game (beating out Charles Cooper and Nat Clifton by a day), 1950


October 22

1955 – The first black post office open, Atlanta GA, 1955

1950 – Charles Cooper joins the NBA and becomes one of the first Blacks to play in an NBA game, 1950

1936 – Birthday of Bobby Seale in Dallas, TX, co-founder and former chairman of the Black Panther Party.


October 23

1947 – The NAACP petitions the United Nations about racial injustics

1940 – In 1940, in Tres Coracoes, in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais, Edson Arantes do Nascimento, generally known as Pelé, is born.


October 24

1972 – Death of Jack Roosevelt (“Jackie”) Robinson (53), first Black in major leagues in twentieth century, in Stamford, Connecticut.

1964 – Zambia proclaimed independent.

1923 – Department of Labor said some 500,000 Blacks had left the South in the preceding twelve months.


October 25

1990 – Evander Holyfield knocks out James “Buster” Douglas in the third round to become the undisputed world heavyweight champion.

1958 – Ten thousand students, led by Jackie Robinson, Harry Belfonte and A. Phillip Randolph, participated in the Youth March for Integrated Schools in Washington.

1940 – Benjamin O Davis becomes the first Black general in US Army, 1940


October 26

1934 – At a New York City conference, representatives of the NAACP and the American Fund for Public Service planned a coordinated legal campaign against segregation and discrimination. Charles H. Houston, Vice-dean of the Howard University Law School, was named director of the NAACP legal campaign.

1872 – Inventor T. Marshall patented the fire extinguisher.


October 27

1981 – Andrew Young, Former UN Ambassador, elected mayor of Atlanta.

1978 – President Carter signed Hawkins-Humphrey full employment bill.

1891 – Inventor, DB Downing, patents his street letter box


October 28

1914 – Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, founded at Howard University, incorporated.

1798 – Founder of The Underground Railroad, Levi Coffin, born


October 29

1974 – Muhammad Ali regains world heavyweight boxing title.

1969 – U.S. Supreme Court said school systems must end segregation “at once” and “operate now and hereafter only unitary schools.” In Mississippi case, Alexander V. Holmes, the Court abandoned the principle of “all deliberate speed.

1929 – Collapse of stock market and the beginning of the Great Depression. By 1937, 26 per cent of Black males were unemployed.


October 30

1991 – BET Holdings, Inc. the parent company of Black Entertainment Television sells 4.2 million shares of stock in an initial public offering on the NYSE, BET is the first African American company listed on the “Big Board”.

1974 – Muhammad Ali defeated George Foreman for heavyweight boxing title in Zaire.

1966 – Huey Newton and Bobby Seale students at a California college create the Black Panther Party for Self Defense.

1954 – Defense Department announced elimination of all segregated regiments in the armed forces.


October 31

1945 – Educator, Booker T Washington, inducted into the Hall of Fame for Great Americans

1899 – Burr,W.F. patents Switching device Oct.31,1899 Patent # 636,197

1893 – Football player, William Henry Lewis, named All-American


Facts from