This Day in Black History: September

This Day in Black History: September

WYBC celebrates Black History EVERYDAY!

Facts from


September 1

1867 – The first Black person to graduate from Harvard Dental School is Robert T Freeman

1975 – Gen. Daniel (“Chappie”) James Jr. promoted to rank of four-star general and named commander-in-chief of the North American Air Defense Command


September 2

1945 –Japanese surrendered on V-J Day, ending World War II

1975 –Joseph W. Hatchett sworn in as first Black supreme court justice in the South in the twentieth century


September 3

1891 –John Stephens Durham, assistant editor of the Philadelphia Evening Bulletin, named minister to Haiti

1895 –NAACP leader, Charles Hamilton Houston was born on this day


September 4

1848 – Inventor and engineer, Louis Latimer was born

1981 – Birthday of singer, Beyonce Knowles, of Destiny’s Child


September 5

1846 –Secretary of the American Negro Academy, John W Cromwell was born

1895 –George Washington Murray was elected to Congress by South Carolina


September 6

1930 –Leander Jay Shaw, Jr., justice of the Florida State Supreme Court (1983), first African American chief justice (1990) in Florida, the second African American chief justice in any state supreme court

1967 –President Lyndon B. Johnson named Walter E. Washington commissioner and “unofficial” mayor of Washington, D.C


September 7

1930 –Sonny Rollins, a powerful force in jazz, is born

1954 – The start of Integration for MD public schools, and Washington DC public school


September 8

1875 – Mississippi governor requested federal troops to protect Black voters. Attorney General Edward Pierrepont refused the request and said “the whole public are tired of these annual autumnal outbreaks in the South

1911 – James Black was one of the first famous Black Astrologer in the early 70’s! He lived in Chicago on the Southside. He was born around 1910-1911


September 9

1915 – Black History Month is a month set aside to learn, honor, and celebrate the achievements of black men and women throughout history

1957 –The first civil rights bill to pass Congress since reconstruction was passed by President Eisenhower


September 10

1913 –George W. Buckner, a physician from Indiana, named minister to Liberia

1973 –A commemorative stamp is issued by the U.S. Postal Service to honor Henry Ossawa Tanner, the first African American artist elected to the National Academy of Design


September 11

1969 –The United Black Front (also known as the Black United Front) was created in the late 1960s as a coalition of 50 black power organizations seeking to address four major objectives: the elimination of white oppression, increased economic and political power for blacks, better education and social status for blacks, and the elimination of racial discrimination

1977 – Quincy Jones wins an Emmy for musical composition for the miniseries Roots. It is one of nine Emmys for the series, an unprecedented number


September 12

1947 – First Black baseball player in the major leagues, Jackie Robinson, named National League Rookie of the Year

1992 –Dr. Mae Jemison became the first African-American woman in space when she launched from the Kennedy Center to join Spacelab J, a joint U.S.-Japanese mission


September 13

1969 –Tyler Perry is an American actor, producer and director. He was born as Emmitt Perry Jr

1953 –Tavis Smiley is a well-known talk show host and media personality was born


September 14

1940 –Black were allowed to enter all branches of the US Military Service, when President Franklin D Roosevelt signs Selective Service Act

1973 –American rapper Nas was born Nasir bin Olu Dara Jones in Queens, New York


September 15

1852 –Inventor Jan E. Matzeliger was born in Dutch Guyana and immigrated to the US in 1878. He patented a shoe lasting machine in 1880.

1964 –Rev. K.L. Buford and Dr. Stanley Smith were elected to Tuskegee City Council and became first Black elected officials in Alabama in twentieth century


September 16

1848 –The French abolish Slavery in all their territories

1889 –Birthday in Sanford, Florida of Claude A. Barnett founder of the Associated Negro Press, the first and only Black news wire services in the US. Barnet, who died in 1967, was a 1906 graduate of Tuskegee Institute


September 17

1861 – First day school for freedmen founded at Fortress Monroe, Va., with a Black teacher, Mary Peake

1889 –Founder of the Associated Negro Press, Claude A Barnett was born


September 18

1948 – Ralph J. Bunche confirmed by United Nations Security Council as acting UN mediator in Palestine

1971– Jada Pinkett Smith, actress, born


September 19

1956 – First international conference of Black writers and artists met at the Sorbonne in Paris

1989 –First issue of Emerge magazine goes on sale


September 20

1885 – Birthday of pianist Ferdinand “Jelly Roll” Morton in New Orleans, Louisiana

1984 –The Cosby Show premieres on NBC


September 21

1872 –John Henry Conyers of South Carolina became the first Black student at Annapolis Naval Academy. He later resigned

1891 – Inventor, FW Leslie, patents the envelope seal


September 22

1863 – First Black person to serve on the DC board of education, Mary Church Terrell was born

1952 –Daniel W. Yohannes, a businessman, philanthropist, and diplomat, was born in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia


September 23

1926 –Innovative and famed jazz musician, John Coltrane was born

1954 – Playwright George C. Wolfe, born


September 24

1957 –Nine Black students started Little Rock high school

1977 –John T. Walker installed as the first Black bishop of the Episcopal diocese of Washington


September 25

1962 –Sonny Liston knocks out Floyd Patterson in the first round to become the world heavyweight boxing champion

1974–Barbara W Hancock becomes the first Black woman named a White House fellow


September 26

1867 –Business and civic leader, Maggie L Walker was born

1968 –The Studio Museum of Harlem opens in NYC


September 27

1950 – Charles H. Houston awarded the Spingarn Medal posthumously for his pioneering work in developing the NAACP legal campaign

1954– School integration began in Washington, D.C., and Baltimore, Md., public schools


September 28

1961 – Purlie Victorious, a farce by playwright Ossie Davis, opened on Broadway

1986 – Shirley Ajayi was the first African American given a part on a television show as a psychic


September 29

1940 – Booker T. Washington, the first U.S. merchant ship commanded by a Black captain (Hugh Mulzac), launched at Wilmington, Delaware

1975 –First Black-owned television station in US, WGPR-TV Detroit, begins broadcasting


September 30

1935 –John “Johnny” Royce Mathis, singer, was born in Gilmer, Texas

1998 – Thomas J. “Tom” Bradley, five-term Mayor of Los Angeles and the first major black candidate for Governor of California, was born in Calvert, Texas


Facts from