This Day in Black History: August

This Day in Black History: August

WYBC celebrates Black History EVERYDAY!

Facts from www.blackfacts.com

 

August 1

1899 – Blacks voted for the first time in a state election in the South, contributing to Republican sweep in Tennessee

1944 – Adam Clayton Powell elected first Black congressman

 

August 2

1951 – While manning his machine gun during a surprise attack on his platoon on this day, private first class William Henry Thompson of Company M, Twenty-fourth Infantry Regiment, became the first Black to earn the Medal of Honor in the Korean conflict

1966 – The Charles R. Drew Postgraduate Medical School (later Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science) is chartered in Los Angeles. It is the only African American focused medical school west of the Mississippi

 

August 3

1923 –Calvin Coolidge became president on the death of President Harding

1957 – Archibald J. Carey, Chicago minister and attorney, appointed first Black chairman of President’s Committee on Government Employment Policy

 

August 4

1901 – Louis Armstrong was born in New Orleans, Louisiana

1961 – Former President Barack Obama was born in Honolulu, Hawaii

 

August 5

1892 – Harriet Tubman receives a pension from Congress for her work as a nurse, spy, and scout during the Civil War

2011 –Hazel Johnson was the first African American woman to become a general in the U.S. Army

 

August 6

1861 –The congressional confiscation bill freed slaves who were forced to fight against the United States government, or to work in support of the rebellion

1965 –President Lyndon Johnson signs the Voting Rights Bill which authorized the suspension of literacy tests and the sending of federal examiners into South

 

August 7

1904 –First Black winner of Nobel Peace Prize was Ralph J Bunche, diplomat, born

1954 –Charles H. Mahoney was confirmed by the Senate and became the first Black to serve as a full delegate to the United Nations

 

August 8

1885 – African-American inventor, William C. Carter, patented an umbrella stand (U.S. patent#323,397).

1993 – Julian Dixon, elected to Congress representing California’s 28th District in 1978, was born

 

August 9

1963 –Whitney Houston actress & singer Born in East Orange, New Jersey

1995 –August 9th declared International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples

 

August 10

1854 – James Conway Farley, the first African American to achieve prominence in the photography industry, was born

1881 –The Coca-Cola Bottling Company agreed to pump $34 million into Black businesses and the Black community, ending a national boycott called by PUSH

 

August 11

1921 – Author of “Roots”, Alex Haley was born

1992 –Anthony Phills received U.S. patent #5,136,787 on August 11, 1992 for a “ruler template for computer keyboard.”

 

August 12

1922 – Washington DC home of Frederick Douglas is declared a national shrine

1923 – Ophelia DeVore-Mitchell, founder of two African American modeling schools, was born

 

August 13

1881 –The first African American nursing school opens at Spelman College in Atlanta, Ga

1953 – President Eisenhower established Government Contract Compliance Committee to supervise anti-discrimination regulations in government contracts

 

August 14

1883 –Biologist and pioneer of cell division, Ernest E. Just was born

1968 – Birthday of Academy Award winning actress Halle Berry

 

August 15

1931 –Spingarn Medal awarded to Richard B. Harrison for his Portrayal of the “Lawd” in The Green Pastures

1938 –Maxine Waters was born this day. Congresswoman Waters is a Democrat from California

 

August 16

1890 –Alexander Clark, journalist and lawyer, named minister to Liberia

1963 –On sale this day was a stamp designed to commemorate the one-hundreth anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation. It was designed by George Olden which made him the first Black to design a U.S. postage stamp

 

August 17

1884 – Born in Puerto Rico of Black and Hispanic heritage, Roberto Clemente was the second baseball player to be featured on a stamp on this day

1887 – Marcus Garvey, the father of the Black Nationalist and pan African movements was born on this day in St. Ann’s Bay, Jamaica

 

August 18

1934 – Roberto Clemente born in Carolina, Puerto Rico

1963 – The first Black person admitted to the University of Mississippi, James Meredith, graduates from University of Mississippi

 

August 19

1954 – Diplomat and first Black winner of Nobel Peace Prize, Ralph J Bunche, named undersecretary of the United Nations

1993 –Robert C. Maynard, the first African American editor and owner of a major daily newspaper in the United States

 

August 20

1856 – Wilberforce University established in Ohio

1964 –President Johnson signed Economic Opportunity Act

 

August 21

1932 – Melvin Van Peebles, writer, dramatist

1943 –Harriet M. West was the first Black woman major in the Women’s Army Corps (WAC)

 

August 22

1791 -Mathematician Benjamin Banneker served on commission which surveyed the District of Columbia. Benjamin Banneker issued his first annual almanac

1996 – President Bill Clinton signed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act which ushered in the most sweeping changes in the welfare system since its adoption as part of the Social Security Act of 1935

 

August 23

1984 –John Brown Russwurm is considered to be the first Black in America to graduate college. Two years after entering Bowdoin College, he received his baccalaureate degree on September 6, 1826. A lesser known Black student, Edward Jones graduated just two weeks before on August 23, 1826 from Amherst College. Both men received their Masters, John in 1829 and Edwardin 1830.

1954 –Inventor Philip Emeagwali was born in Akure, Nigeria (He made the world’s fastest computer)

 

August 24

1854 –John V. DeGrasse, prominent physician, admitted to Massachusetts Medical Society

1950 – Chicago Atty. Edith Sampson was named the first Black representative (alternate delegate) in the U.S. delegation to the United Nations

 

August 25

1927 –First Black Wimbledon champion, Althea Gibson, born in South Carolina

1965–James M. Nabrit Jr. named ambassador and assigned to the UN delegation

 

August 26

1943 –William Dawson Elected Black Democratic Party vice presidential candidate

1946 –Singer and producer, Valerie Simpson Ashford, composer was born

 

August 27

1967 – Martin Luther King Jr I have a dream speech

1968–MLK last speech

 

August 28

1968 – Rev. Channing E. Philips of Washington, D.C., became first Black nominated for president by a major national party. Philips was nominated as favorite son candidate by District of Columbia delegation at Democratic convention in Chicago and received 671/2 votes

1988 –Beah Richards wins an Emmy for outstanding guest performance in the comedy series Frank’s Place

 

August 29

1894 – Sociologist E. Franklin Fraiser was born

1958 – The “King of Pop” Michael Jackson was born

 

August 30

1838 – The first African American magazine, Mirror of Freedom, begins publication in New York City

1901 – Roy Wilkins was born on this day

 

August 31

1935 –in Beaumont, Texas, U.S., American professional baseball player and manager Frank Robinson was born. He was the first black manager in major league baseball

1979 – Donald McHenry named to succeed Andrew Young as UN ambassador

 

Facts from www.blackfacts.com